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  - Show or write notes (no notes if red), - Context;  Viewing NASB and Amplified 2015
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NASB   Notes Context   Matt 21:23 ¶ AWhen He entered2064 the temple2413, the chief749 priests749 and the elders4245 of the people2992 came4334 to Him Bwhile He was teaching1321, and said3004, "By what4169 authority1849 are You doing4160 these3778 things3778, and who5101 gave1325 You this3778 authority1849?"
  Notes Context   Matt 21:23 ¶ When He entered the temple area, the 1chief priests and elders of the people came to Him as He was teaching and said, "By what [kind of] authority are You doing these things, and who gave You this authority [to exercise this power]?" [Mark 11:27-33; Luke 20:1-8]

Amplified 2015 Translator's Notes:
Literal renderings, alternate translations or explanations.
1 I.e. the official delegation from the Sanhedrin, Jewish High Court.
NASB Cross References:
Related verses.
A Verse Info. Notes Context Matt 21:23 ¶ When He entered the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came to Him while He was teaching, and said, "By what authority are You doing these things, and who gave You this authority?"
B Verse Info. Notes Context Matt 26:55 ¶ At that time Jesus said to the crowds, "Have you come out with swords and clubs to arrest Me as you would against a robber? Every day I used to sit in the temple teaching and you did not seize Me.
Hebrew-Aramaic & Greek Dictionary:
(#) is number of times this NASB word was translated from the original language.  
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this Strong's number:
  Greek Heb.
749 archiereus; from 757 and 2409; high priest:--chief priest(1), chief priests(64), high priest(53), high priest's(1), high priesthood(1), high priests(2).
1321 didaskô; a redupl. caus. form of daô (to learn); to teach:--instructed(2), preaches(1), taught(13), teach(33), teaches(5), teaching(43).
1325 didômi; redupl. from the root do-; to give (in various senses lit. or fig.):--add(1), allow(2), bestowed(4), cause(2), commanded*(1), dealing(1), drew(1), gave(79), give(122), given(117), gives(14), giving(12), grant(15), granted(10), granting(2), leave(1), make(1), offer(2), pass(1), pay(5), permitted(1), pour(1), poured(1), produce(1), produces(1), producing(1), put(6), puts(1), putting(1), show(1), struck*(1), utter(1), venture*(1), yielded(3).
1849 exousia; from 1832; power to act, authority:--authorities(7), authority(65), charge(1), control(1), domain(2), dominion(1), jurisdiction(1), liberty(1), power(11), powers(1), right(11).
2064 erchomai; a prim. vb.; to come, go:--arrival(1), arrived(1), brought(1), came(225), come(222), comes(64), coming(87), entered(2), expected(3), fall(2), falls(1), give(1), go(1), going(2), grown(1), lighting(1), next(1), turned(1), went(18).
2413 hieros; a prim. word; sacred, a sacred thing, a temple:--sacred(1), sacred services(1), temple(71).
2992 laos; a prim. word; the people:--people(134), peoples(8).
3004 legô; a prim. vb.; to say:--addressing(1), agree*(1), ask(1), asked(3), asking(4), bring charges(1), call(8), called(34), calling(1), calls(3), claimed(1), claiming(2), command(3), designated(1), follows(1), give(1), gives(1), greeted*(1), made(1), mean(2), means(3), meant(1), mention(1), named(3), ordered(2), quote(1), referred(1), remarking(1), said(1086), say(364), saying(440), says(102), shouting(1), so-called(3), speak(22), speaking(17), speaks(6), spoke(18), spoken(26), stated(1), stating(2), talking(5), tell(71), telling(18), thing spoken(1), things spoken(1), thought(1), told(35), using(1).
3778 houtos,
touto; prob. from a redupl. of 3588, used as a demonstrative pron.; this:--afterward*(3), especially(1), fact(2), follow*(1), here*(1), hereafter*(1), man(1), now*(1), one(2), one whom(1), partly*(1), person(1), present(1), same(1), so(1), so then*(1), so*(1), some(2), such(2), therefore*(16), these(179), these...things(1), these men(10), these people(1), these things(192), this(737), this man(56), this man's(2), this one(4), this reason*(1), this thing(2), this way(1), this woman(4), this*(1), this...thing(1), those(2), those things(1), very(3), very thing(2), who(2), whom(1).
4160 poieô; a prim. word; to make, do:--accomplished(1), act(4), acted(3), acting(1), acts(2), appointed(3), away*(1), bear(5), bearing(1), bears(3), become(1), bore(1), bring(1), pass(1), bring about(2), bringing(1), brings forth(1), call(1), carried(1), carries(1), carry(1), cause(3), causes(2), causing(1), commit(2), commits(2), committed(4), composed(1), consider(1), created things(1), dealt(1), did(33),, do(170), does(16),, doing(38), done(43), establishing(1), execute(4), exercises(1), expose*(1), formed(1), formed a conspiracy(1), forms(1), gave(4), give(4), gives(1), giving(1), have(2), have kept(1), having(1), held(1), indulging(1), keep(3), keeps(1), kept(1), made(38), make(47), makes(7), making(9), observe(2), offer(1), offering(1), perform(4), performed(8), performing(7), performs(1), practice(5), practices(11), practicing(1), present(1), proceeding(1), produce(3), produced(1), produces(2), producing(1), provide(1), put(1), satisfy*(1), setting(1), show(2), showed(1), shown(1), spend(1), spent(4), took(1), treat(6), treated(1), weaker(1), worked(1), working(1).
4169 poios; from the same as 4214; of what sort?:--any(1), kind which(1), what(21), what kind(6), what things(1), which(3), which ones(1).
4245 presbuteros; a cptv. of presbus (an old man); elder:--elder(3), elders(57), men of old(1), old men(1), older(1), older man(1), older ones(1), older women(1), women(1).
4334 proserchomai; from 4314 and 2064; to approach, to draw near:--agree(1), approached(2), approaching(1), came(64), came forward(2), come(2), comes(1), coming(3), draw near(4), go(1), visit(1), went(6).
5101 tis; an interrog. pron. related to 5100; who? which? what?:--anything(1), how(7), how*(2), person(1), something(3), suppose one(2), what(266), what each(1), what*(5), which(24), which one(3), who(128), whom(16), whose(6), why(70), why*(33).

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